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Vancouver referencing Uniskills: Introduction

Vancouver referencing


Vancouver is a numbered referencing style, predominantly used in medical fields. It is based on the AMA manual of Style, 11th edition.


This guide is primarily for students completing assignments at Curtin University. If you are publishing (e.g. journal article, PhD), please consult the above publication as the reference examples provided here may differ from the requirements outlined in the official style guide.

Printable referencing guide

Download and use this guide to the Vancouver referencing style including examples for in-text citations and reference list entries.

Guide to referencing figures and tables

Learn how to reference tables and figures (graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs, clinical images etc.) in the Vancouver style.

Note on assignment formatting

Please check your unit outline/Blackboard for assignment formatting requirements (such as fonts, headers, spacing, word counts etc.) and assignment cover sheets. PhD and Masters by research students should consult the relevant publication manual for formatting information.