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Chicago 17th B: Sample reference list

Chicago 17th B

Formatting your reference list

Please check the assignment formatting requirements for your individual unit as they may differ from the advice provided in the Chicago manual.

  • Begin the reference list on a new page at the end of your work, preceding the index if there is one
  • Arrange the list alphabetically by the first author's surname or organisation name. Where there is no author, use the first word of the title (other than A, An, or The)
  • All titles should appear in headline-style capitalisation (where each significant word is capitalised)
  • Apply a hanging indent of 1.27cm to each reference list entry
  • All DOIs and URLs should be presented in their resolved form (e.g. beginning with https://...). 


Download our handy Chicago 17B referencing checklist which highlights some points that you will need to pay attention to when reviewing your in-text citations and reference list.


What is a DOI?


A Digital Object Identifier (DOI), is a string of numbers, letters and symbols that creates a permanent link to a journal article, book or other online document, e.g. 10.1108/HER-10-2015-0023.


In the Chicago Author-Date style, DOIs are presented as plain text links and preceded by followed by a full stop. For example:



Where can I find the DOI?
DOIs will usually be presented on the first page of an article or with the publication details. If you cannot locate a DOI, do a quick search in the document by clicking CTRL + F (Windows) or Command + F (Mac) and entering doi in the search box

Sample reference list