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APA 7th Referencing UniSkills: Sample reference list

APA 7th referencing

Formatting your reference list

Please check the assignment formatting requirements for your individual unit as they may differ from the advice provided in the APA manual.

  • Begin the reference list on a new page after the text
  • Place the label References in bold, centred on the top of the page
  • Arrange the list alphabetically by the first author's surname or organisation name. Where there is no author, use the first word of the title (other than A, An, or The)
  • All titles, with the exception of journal titles, should be presented in sentence-case capitalisation (where only the first word, proper nouns and words following certain punctuation are capitalised). Journal titles should be presented in headline-style capitalisation (where each significant word is capitalised)
  • Double space the entire reference list (both within and between references)
  • Apply a hanging indent of 1.27cm to each reference list entry
  • All DOIs and URLs should be presented in their resolved form (e.g. beginning with https://...). It is acceptable to present these links as live hyperlinks or as plain text, as long as you are consistent throughout your reference list

Download our handy APA referencing checklist which highlights some points to pay attention to when editing your in-text citations and reference list:

What is a DOI?

A Digital Object Identifier (DOI), is a string of numbers, letters and symbols that creates a permanent link to a journal article, book or other online document, e.g. 10.1108/HER-10-2015-0023.

In the APA style, DOIs are presented as hyperlinks and are preceded by For example:


Where can I find the DOI?
DOIs will usually be presented on the first page of an article or with the publication details. If you cannot locate a DOI, do a quick search in the document by clicking CTRL + F (Windows) or Command + F (Mac) and entering doi in the search box

Sample reference list