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APA 7th referencing guide

Journal article

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year of publication). Title of journal article: Subtitle. Journal Title in Italics, volume number in italics(issue number), page range. or URL


In-text example: One - two authors           

(Lane & Catling, 2016). 

Lane and Catling (2016) suggest...                                    

In-text example: Three or more authors                                                    

(Habray et al., 2017).

Habray et al. (2017) argue...

In-text example: If quoting                   

"To be well-informed national and global citizens, young adults need to be knowledgeable about the causes, processes, and impacts of climatic hazards" (Lane & Catling, 2016, p. 199).

Lane and Catling (2016) highlight that "to be well-informed national and global citizens, young adults need to be knowledgeable about the causes, processes, and impacts of climatic hazards" (p. 199). 

Reference list entry                        

Habray, A., Johansen, J. L., Nay, T. J., Steffensen, J. F., & Rummer, J. L. (2017). Adapt, move or die - how will tropical fishes cope with ocean warming? Global Change Biology, 23(2), 566-577.

Lane, R., & Catling, S. (2016). Preservice primary teachers' depth and accuracy of knowledge of tropical cyclones. Journal of Geography, 115(5), 198-211.

Naghavi, M., Abajobir, A. A., Abbafati, C., Abbas, K. M., Abd-Allah, F., Abera, S. F., Aboyans, V., Adetokunboh, O., Afshin, A., Agrawal, A., Ahmadi, A., Ahmed, M. B., Aichour, A. N., Aichour, M. T. E., Aichour, I., Aiyar, S., Alahdab, F., Al-Aly, Z., Alam, K., . . . Murray, C. J. L. (2017). Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980–2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet, 390(10100), 1151-1210.

Extra Tips!

  • The DOI is given preference over the URL due to its stable nature. If one has been assigned, include it in your reference in its resolved form (the DOI is preceded by If you cannot locate a DOI, include the article's URL
  • If there is no issue number, omit this from the reference
  • For a print journal omit the DOI/URL
  • If a journal article has 21 or more authors, in the reference list entry include the first 19 authors followed by an ellipsis (. . . ) then the final author’s name
Journal article - Advanced online publication

Campa, D., & Zijlmans, E. W. A. (2019). Corporate social responsibility recognition and support for the arts: Evidence from European financial institutions. European Management Journal. Advance online publication.

Journal article published in a supplement

Lock, M. (2015). Eclipse of the gene and return of divination. Current Anthropology, 46(Suppl. 5). S47-S70.

Journal article with an article number/eLocator

Pedersen, P. B. M., Olsen, J. B., Sandel, B., & Svenning, J.-C. (2019). Wild steps in a semi-wild setting? Habitat selection and behavior of European bison reintroduced to an enclosure in an anthropogenic landscape. PLOS ONE, 14(11), Article e0198308. 

Extra Tips!

  • Advance online publications have been accepted for publication, but are published online ahead of print. They will not have a volume or issue number 
  • For journal articles published in a supplement, replace issue number with supplement letter or number e.g. Suppl. A or Suppl. 3
  • For a supplement to a particular issue of a journal, include the issue number in the brackets before the supplement number e.g. (issue, Suppl. x)
  • For articles with article numbers (eLocators), write the word Article followed by the article number in place of the page range e.g. PLOS ONE, 11(7), Article e0158474.

Example: Where to find reference information for a journal article

You will usually find the information that you need to reference a journal article on the first page of that article. Look for the components: details about the author(s), the title of the article, the journal title and the specific volume, issue and page range where the article can be found, as well as online location information like a DOI or URL.

Reference list entry:

Lee, C. (2012). 'Have magic, will travel': Tourism and Harry Potter's United (magical) Kingdom. Tourist Studies, 12(1), 52-69.

Newspaper article

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day of publication). Title of article: Subtitle. Newspaper or Magazine Title in italics. URL 


In-text example: No author                                           

("A Higher Education Return," 2016).

"A Higher Education Return" (2016) explores...

In-text example: One - two authors

(Beilfuss & Terlep, 2015).

Beilfuss and Terlep (2015) propose...

In-text example: Three or more authors

(Garside et al., 2016).

Garside et al. (2016) advance...

In-text example: If quoting             

...there was an "unprecedented leak of 11.5m files" (Garside et al., 2016, para. 1).

Garside et al. (2016) reported the "unprecedented leak of 11.5m files" (para. 1).

Reference list entry                      

Beilfuss, L., & Terlep, S. (2016, October 10). Business news: Yahoo, NHL curb fantasy sport play. Wall Street Journal.

Garside, J., Harding, L., Watt, H., Pegg, D., Bengtsson, H., Bowers, S., Gibson, O., & Hopkins, N. (2016, April 5). What are the Panama papers? A guide to history's biggest data leak. The Guardian.

A higher education return. (2016, August 18). The Australian.

Extra Tips!

  • If you are referencing a print newspaper article replace the URL with the page number e.g. The West Australian, 22. 
  • If you are referencing an article from a news website that does not have an associated daily or weekly newspaper (e.g. ABC news), use the reference type Webpage from a news website (select Websites from the menu on the left)
  • Where there is no author, arrange the article in the reference list by the first word of the title (other than A, An, or The)