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APA 7th referencing guide

Blog post

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day). Title of the blog post. Blog Name in italics. URL

 

Examples

In-text example

(Tay, 2019). 

Tay (2019) makes the case that ...

In-text example: If quoting

"Every year, thousands of hours are devoted...into beating citations into shape" (Tay, 2019, para. 3).

Tay (2019) argues "every year, thousands of hours are devoted...into beating citations into shape" (para. 3).

Reference list entry

Tay, A. (2019, January 15). Why our citation practices make no sense. Musings About Librarianship. http://musingsaboutlibrarianship.blogspot.com/2019/01/why-our-citation-practices-make-no-sense.html

Extra Tips!

  • If the author's name is not available, provide the username

Instagram

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). [Instagram username]. (year, Month day posted). Content of the post up to the first 20 words in italics [Description]. Instagram. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example       

(Souza, 2018).

In the photograph, Souza (2018) depicts ...

Reference list entry           

Nicklen, P. [@paulnicklen]. (2019, December 1). It has been an incredible year with @sealegacy [Video]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B5iReDxFOhb

Souza, P. [@petesouza]. (2018, February 8). A loving touch [Photograph]. Instagram. https://instagram.com/p/Be8MsHcI8DP

Extra Tips!

  • If the real name of the author is unknown, include only the Instagram username without brackets
  • Provide a description of the content inside square brackets after the title e.g. Photograph, Video
  • Do not alter the spelling or capitalisation used in the post

Twitter

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). [Twitter username]. (year, Month day posted). Content of the post up to the first 20 words in italics [Tweet]. Twitter. URL

 

Examples

In-text example

(Jackman, 2015). 

Jackman (2015) suggests ...

Reference list entry                                                

Jackman, H. [@RealHughJackman]. (2015, November 12). At the dentist... This is BEFORE I found out I was having a tooth pulled [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/RealHughJackman/status/664800426961870849

The New York Times. [@nytimes]. (2019, December 2). Climate change and inequality converge in Los Angeles, where officials see the baking sun as a growing crisis and shade [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/nytimes/status/1201375458656505857  

Extra Tips!

  • If the real name of the author is unknown, include only the Twitter username without brackets
  • Provide a description of the content inside square brackets after the title e.g. Tweet, Video, Poll
  • Do not alter the spelling or capitalisation used in the tweet

Facebook

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day posted). Content of the post up to the first 20 words in italics [Description]. Facebook. URL

 

Examples

In-text example

(Obama, 2018). 

Obama (2018) revealed...

In-text example: If quoting

The former president shared "songs that got me moving" (Obama, 2018, para.1).   

Obama (2018) shared "songs that got me moving" (para. 1).

Reference list entry

Buzzfeed. (2019, November 29). Can't get over these tiny ginger bread houses [Video]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/BuzzFeed/videos/2273404652766055

Obama, B. (2018, January 1). During my presidency, I started a tradition of sharing my reading and play lists [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/barackobama/posts/10155532677446749

Extra Tips!

  • Provide a description of the content inside square brackets after the title of the post e.g. Poll, Status update, Infographic, Video etc.
  • Do not alter the spelling or capitalisation used in the post