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APA 7th referencing guide

Film or video

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Director Surname, Initial(s). (Director). (year). Title of work in italics [Film]. Production Company. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example

(Sandberg, 2019).

Sandberg (2019) uses...

In-text example: If quoting

"Here's the thing about power. What good is power if you got nobody to share it with?" (Sandberg, 2019, 1:55:51).

Reference list entry

Miller, G. (Director). (2015). Mad Max: Fury road [Film]. Warner Bros. Pictures. http://link.lis.curtin.edu.au/gw?url=https://edutv.informit.com.au/watch-screen.php?videoID=1193010

Sandberg, D. F. (Director). (2019). Shazam! [Film]. Warner Bros. Pictures; New Line Cinema; DC Films.                                    

Extra Tips:

  • If accessed online, provide a URL (if available) to aid in retrieval
  • In-text citation: If quoting, include a timestamp indicating the point at which the quotation begins

TV series episode

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Writer Surname, Initial(s). (Writer), & Director Surname, Initial(s). (Director). (year). Title of episode (Season #, Episode #) [TV series episode]. In Executive Producer Initial(s). Surname (Executive Producer), TV series name in italics. Production Company. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example                                  

(Muharrar & Adams, 2019).

Muharrar and Adams (2019) highlight...

In-text example: If quoting                                                     "What would Kant say about your duty to help your fellow human beings?" (Muharrar & Adams, 2019, 1:56).  
Reference list entry

Muharrar, A. (Writer), & Adams, A. (Director). (2019). Chillaxing (Season 4, Episode 3) [TV series episode]. In M. Schur, D. Miner, M. Sackett, & D. Goddard (Executive Producers), The good place. Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Television. 

Extra Tips:

  • If accessed online, provide a URL (if available) to aid in retrieval
  • In-text citation: When quoting, include a timestamp indicating the point at which the quotation begins

TV series

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Executive Producer Surname, Initials. (Executive Producer). (Years series aired). Title of series in italics [TV series]. Production Company. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example                                

(Michaels et al., 2006-2013).

Michaels et al. (2006-2013) show...

Reference list entry

Michaels, L., Fey, T., Miner, D., Klein, M., Carlock, R., Richmond, J., & Riggi, J. (Executive Producers). (2006-2013). 30 Rock [TV series]. Broadway Video; Little Stranger; NBC Studios; NBC Universal Television; Universal Media Studios.

Extra Tips:

  • If the series is still airing, replace the second year with the word present e.g. (2007-present)
  • If accessed online, provide a URL (if available) to aid in retrieval
  • In-text citation: When quoting, include a timestamp indicating the point at which the quotation begins

YouTube or other streaming video

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). [Screen name]. (year, Month day). Title of video in italics [Video]. Site Name. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example                          

(Haran, 2015).

Haran (2015) focuses on...

Julian Treasure speaks about making people want to listen to your ideas (TED, 2014).

In-text example: If quoting                                                    

"To the general public the useful thing that comes at the end seems more directly valuable" (Haran, 2015, 1:31).                                                                                                     

Reference list entry

Haran, B. [Numberphile2]. (2015, May 14). Why basic research is important - Numberphile [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gnsQjPCC78                 

Packnett, B. (2019, April). How to build your confidence - and spark it in others [Video]. TED. https://www.ted.com/talks/brittany_packnett_how_to_build_your_confidence_and_spark_it_in_others3-10274                                              

TED. (2014, Jun 27). How to speak so that people want to listen: Julian Treasure [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/elho2S0Zahl                                                                     

Extra Tips:

  • The person or group who posted the video is credited as the author for retrievability, even if they did not create it
  •  If the real name of the person who posted it is unknown, then include only the screen name without brackets
  • When a TED Talk comes from TED's website, use the name of the speaker as the author. When the TED Talk is on YouTube, list the owner of the YouTube account as the author for retrievability
  •  In-text citation: When quoting, include a timestamp indicating the point at which the quotation begins

Podcast episode

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Host Surname, Initial(s). (Host). (year, Month day). Title of episode (Episode Number) [Audio podcast episode]. In Title of podcast in italics. Site Name. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example                          

(Malcolm, 2018).

Reference list entry

Malcolm, L. (Host). (2018, September 16). Tripping for depression [Audio podcast episode]. In All in the mind. ABC Radio National. https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/allinthemind/tripping-for-depression/10223006                                                                                                                   

Extra Tips:

  • If the podcast does not have an episode number, omit this from the reference
  • In-text citation: When quoting, include a timestamp indicating the point at which the quotation begins

Music - Single song or track

Artist Surname, Initials. (year). Title of song [Description]. On Title of album. Label.

 

In-text example

(Beyonce, 2008).

Sheeran and Bieber (2019) collaborated on...

Reference list entry

Beyonce. (2008). Single ladies (put a ring on it) [Song]. On I am...Sasha Fierce. Sony BMG Music Entertainment.

Childish Gambino. (2014). What kind of love [Song]. MCDJ Entertainment; Glassnote Entertainment Group.

Sheeran, E., & Bieber, J. (2019). I don't care [Song]. On No. 6 collaborations project. Warner Music UK; Def Jam Recordings.

Extra Tips!

  • If the song has no associated album, omit this from the reference (e.g. Childish Gambino example)
  • Include a URL if that location is the only means of retrieval (e.g. for artists who only provide music in one location, such as SoundCloud or their website)