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APA 7th referencing guide



Reference components:

Reviewer Surname, Initial(s). (year). Title of review [Review of the medium Title of medium in italics, by Author Initial(s). Author Surname]. Source details as applicable.



In-text example           

(Robbins, 2011). 

Robbins (2011) recommends ...

Reference list entry       

Lane, A. (2019, July 1). 'Toy story 4' plays it again [Review of the movie Toy story 4, by J. Cooley, Dir.]. New Yorker.

Robbins, M. (2011). Conservation biology [Review of the book The American bird conservancy guide to bird conservation, by D. J. Lebbin, M. J. Parr, & G. H. Fenwick]. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 86(4), 343-344.

wiwibloggs. (2020, July 6). Husavik song reaction: Eurovision song contest: The story of Fire Saga [Review of the song Husavik, by W. Ferrell & M. Marianne]. YouTube.

Extra Tips! 

  • The structure of your reference will depend on where you find the review. Provide the details of the source as applicable for that reference type
  • If the review is untitled, leave this component out of your reference. Following the date, include the information provided within square brackets 

Personal communication


In-text example

"..." (T. S. Reed, personal communication, September 20, 2019). 

According to P. M. Walker (personal communication, April 18, 2015) ...

Reference list entry

Personal communications are not included in the reference list

Extra Tips! 

  • Personal communications may not be acceptable to include in your assignment – please check with your lecturer/tutor before doing so
  • Personal communications are works which cannot be recovered by the reader. They include emails, text messages, online chats, letters, memos, personal (unpublished) interviews, telephone conversations, live speeches etc.
  • Cite in text only. Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator and provide as exact a date as possible
  • Quotations from participants whom you interviewed as part of your research are treated differently than quotations from published works. See page 278 of the APA 7th manual for more information

Data set

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year). Title of data set in italics [Data set]. Publisher Name. or  URL



In-text  example

(Irino & Tada, 2009).

Irino and Tada (2009) collected...

Reference list  entr

Irino, T., & Tada, R. (2009). Chemical and mineral compositions of sediments from ODP site 127-797 [Data set]. PANGAEA.

Extra Tips! 

  • The DOI is given preference over a URL due to its stable nature. If one has been assigned, include it in your reference. If you cannot locate a DOI, use the item’s URL

Australian curriculum

Key information

Reference components:

Organisation Name. (year). Title of curriculum document: Subtitle (Version number). URL



In-text example: Optional organisation name abbreviation

First citation:

(Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority [ACARA], 2016). 

The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA, 2016) states....

Subsequent citations:

(ACARA, 2016). 

ACARA (2016) shows... 

Reference list entry

Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. (2015). Science: Sequence of content F-6 strand: Science understanding (Version 8.1).

Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. (2016). The Australian curriculum: Humanities and social sciences: 7 - 10 civics and citizenship (Version 8.3).

Extra Tips!

  • Download the curriculum document for date and version information