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APA 7th referencing guide

Book

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year). Title of book in italics: Subtitle (# ed.). Publisher Name. https://doi.org... or URL

 

Examples

In-text example: One - two authors

(Crawford & Novak, 2018).

Crawford and Novak (2018) suggest...

In-text example: Three or more authors

(Doyle et al., 2015).

Doyle et. al (2015) argue...

In-text example: If quoting

Crawford and Novak (2018) suggest that "patterns of communication within the family are also related to social class" (p. 195).

"Patterns of communication within the family are also related to social class" (Crawford & Novak, 2018, p. 195).

Reference list entry

Crawford, L. A., & Novak, K. B. (2018). Individual and society: Sociological social psychology (2nd ed.). Routledge. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=5323290

Doyle, T., McEachern, D., & MacGregor, S. (2015). Environment and politics (4th ed.). Routledge.

Extra Tips!

  • For editions other than the first, include the edition number in brackets after the book title e.g. Environment and politics (4th ed.)
  • The DOI is given preference over the URL due to its stable nature. If one has been assigned, include it in your reference. If you cannot locate a DOI, include the item's URL
  • For print books, omit the DOI/URL

Chapter in an edited book

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Chapter Author Surname, Initial(s). (year). Title of the chapter. In Editor Initials. Editor Surname (Ed.), Title of book in italics: Subtitle (# ed., pp. chapter page range). Publisher Name. https://doi.org... or URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example: One - two authors

(Kaye, 2014).

Kaye (2014) state...
In-text example: Three or more authors

(Evia et al., 2014).

Evia et al. (2014) reveal...

In-text example: If quoting                          

"Before 2011, there was no one body that was responsible for oversight of the whole research process in the United Kingdom" (Kaye, 2014, p. 264).

A review by Kaye (2014) found that "before 2011, there was no one body that was responsible for oversight of the whole research process in the United Kingdom" (p. 264).

Reference list entry                                                         

Evia, J. L., Laserna, R., & Skaperdas, S. (2014). Sociopolitical conflict and economic performance in Bolivia. In K. Warneryd (Ed.), The economics of conflict: Theory and empirical evidence (pp. 127-175). MIT Press. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=3339763

Kaye, J. (2014). The regulation of human genomics research. In D. Kumar & C. Eng (Eds.), Genomic medicine: Principles and practice (2nd ed., pp. 259-269). Oxford University Press. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=1780390

Extra Tips!

  • For editions other than the first, include the edition number in brackets after the book title e.g. Environment and politics (4th ed.)
  • The DOI is given preference over the URL due to its stable nature. If one has been assigned, include it in your reference. If you cannot locate a DOI, include the item's URL
  • For print books omit the DOI/URL

Watch: Authors vs. editors

Confused about the roles of authors and editors in the publication process? Watch this short video to learn more.

Conference paper

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year, Month day). Title of paper in italics [Type of presentation]. Title of Conference: Subtitle of Conference, Location. https://doi.org... or URL 

 

EXAMPLES

In-text  example: One - two authors                      

(Novak & Verber, 2015).

Novak and Verber (2015) state...

In-text example: Three or more authors              

(Della Vedova et al., 2018).

Della Vedova et al. (2018) argue...

In-text example: If quoting               

"Every disregard of the rules can break a game's mechanics (Novak & Verber, 2015, p. 85).

Novak and Verber (2015) found that "every disregard of the rules can break a game's mechanics (p. 85).

Reference list entry                             

Della Vedova, M. L., Tacchini, E., Moret, S., Ballarin, G., DiPierro, M., & de Alfaro, L. (2018, May 16). Automatic online fake news detection combining content and social signals [Paper presentation]. 22nd Conference of Open Innovations Association: FRUCT, Jyvaskyla, Finland. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=8468301

Novak, D., & Verber, D. (2015, July 21). Assessment of the influence caused by random events within a real-time strategy game engine on a game bot gameplay [Paper presentation]. 8th Annual International Conference on Computer Games, Multimedia and Allied Technology, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.5176/2251-1679_CGAT15.27                                                                                       

Extra Tips!

  • The DOI is given preference over a URL due to its stable nature. If one has been assigned, include it in your reference. If you cannot locate a DOI, include the item's URL
  • For a poster use [Poster presentation]
  • For conference proceedings published in a journal or book, follow the format for journal article or edited book chapter

Thesis

KEY INFORMATION

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year). Title of dissertation or thesis in italics [Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis, Name of Institution Awarding the Degree]. Source Name. URL

 

EXAMPLES

In-text example 

(Gao, 2018).

Ling (2015) suggests...

In-text example: If quoting    

Gao (2018) notes that "biochar has a very low ignition temperature" (p. 96).

"Biochar has a very low ignition temperature" (Gao, 2018, p. 96).

Reference list entry

Gao, W. (2018). Fuel properties and thermal processing of bio-oil and its derived full mixtures [Doctoral dissertation, Curtin University]. espace. https://espace.curtin.edu.au/handle/20.500.11937/75545

Ling, J. (2015). Lords and ladies of the modern age [Master's thesis, Mills College]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. https://search-proquest-com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/docview/1676462563?accountid=10382

Religious works

Reference components:

Title of work in italics. (year). Publisher Name. URL (Original work published Year)

 

Examples

In-text example

(King James Bible, 1769/2017).

The Qur'an (2004)...

Reference list entry

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org (Original work published 1769)

The Qur'an (M. A. S. Abdel Haleem, Trans.). (2004). Oxford University Press.

Extra Tips!

  • Religious works are usually treated as having no author
  • If the original publication date is unknown, omit this from the reference. For versions of religious works that are republished, include the republished date
  • If referencing a translated version, include the translator after the title in the reference (e.g. The Qur'an example)
  • For print works, omit the URL

Classic works

Reference components:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (year). Title of work in italics (Translator Initials. Surname, Trans.; Editor Initials. Editor Surname, Ed.; # ed.). Publisher Name. DOI or URL (Original work published Year)

 

Examples

In-text example

(Aristotle, ca. 350 B.C.E/1997).

Shakespeare (1599/2012) wrote...

Reference list entry - Ancient Greek or Roman work

Aristotle. (1997). Poetics (G. Whalley, Trans.; J. Baxter & P. Atherton, Eds.). McGill-Queen's University Press.  https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=3330809 (Original work published ca. 350 B.C.E.)

Reference list entry - Shakespeare

Shakespeare, W. (1988). Richard III (J. Hankey, Ed.). Bristol Classic Press. (Original work published 1597)

Shakespeare, W. (2012). Romeo and Juliet. First Avenue Editions.  https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=5445113 (Original work published 1599)

Extra Tips!

  • If referencing a translated version, include the translator after the title in the reference
  • When the date of original publication is ancient, use the abbreviation B.C.E. (stands for 'before the common era'), and if the date is approximate, use the abbreviation ca. (stands for 'circa')
  • For print works, omit the DOI/URL