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Vancouver referencing guide

Journal article

Reference components

Author Surname Author Initials. Title of article. Abbreviated Journal Title [Internet]. Year [cited Year Month Day];Volume(Issue):pages. Available from: URL or doi:DOI

Journal title abbreviations

Journal titles are abbreviated in the Vancouver style e.g. New England Journal of Medicine appears as N Engl J Med in the reference list entry.

A list of abbreviations is available through PubMed at: Click on Journals (under Explore) and enter the full journal title to view its abbreviation. Alternative sources of journal title abbreviations are listed in Appendix B of Citing Medicine.

Journal article - One to six authors

Avery M, Williams F. The importance of pharmacist providing patient education in oncology. J Pharm Pract [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2016 Jan 27];28(1):26-30. doi:10.1177/0897190014562382

Journal article - Six or more authors Naghavi M, Abajobir AA, Abbafati C, Abbas KM, Abd-Allah F, Abera SF, et al. Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 Dec 4];390(10100):1151-1210. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32152-9

Style note: If referencing a print journal article, omit the type of medium [Internet], cited date [cited Year Month Day] and URL/DOI

Newspaper article

Reference components

Reporter Surname Reporter Initials. Title of article. Title of Newspaper [Internet]. Year Month Day of article [cited Year Month Day];Section:page. Available from: URL


Newspaper article Crowe D. Medical patents a line in the sand. The Australian [Internet]. 2014 Jun 19 [cited 2016 Jan 15];TheNation:6. Available from:
Newspaper article - no author Joint replacements should not cost an arm and a leg. The Australian [Internet]. 2016 Sept 22 [cited 2019 Nov 20];Commentary:13. Available from:

Style notes:

  • If referencing a print newspaper article, omit the type of medium [Internet], cited date [cited Year Month Day] and URL/DOI
  • If there is no author, omit the author from the reference and list the title of the article first