In the Vancouver style, a consecutive number is allocated to each reference as it is cited for the first time in the text of the assignment (i.e. the first citation that appears in-text is number one, the next unique citation that appears in-text is number two and so on). This number becomes the unique identifier of that source and if the source is cited again in-text, the same number is repeated. Vancouver uses superscript numbers or standard numbers in brackets in-text e.g. 1-4,10,12 or (1-4,10,12). The reference list is ordered numerically.
In Australia falls are one of the main causes of injury-related hospitalisations, with the elderly representing the majority of cases.1 Accidental falls in older persons can have a detrimental effect on their mental wellbeing.2,3 “The psychological aspects, especially fear of falling, loss of confidence and increased anxiety, can be more disabling than the physical ones”.3 It is important that effective programs are implemented to reduce the incidence of falls.4-6
|After the author's name|
Omit the author and list the title first
|One to six authors||
List all authors in the reference
Khan FM, Gibbons JP. Khan’s the physics of radiation therapy. 5th ed. Philadelphia (USA): Wolters Kluwer Health; 2014.
|More than six authors||
List the first six authors in the reference followed by et al.
|Organisation as author||
List the organisation name in full
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Non-medical use of pharmaceuticals: trends, harms and treatment, 2006-07 to 2015-16. Canberra (Australia): Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; 2017. Report No.: HSE 195.