Skip to main content

EndNote X8

Referencing styles

Curtin styles are already available on the Library PCs. They should be included when the EndNote program is downloaded. Should this not occur you need to download the required Curtin style (you'll find these styles in the table below).

  1.  Choose the required style and click on the Download link
  2. Click on Open and the style will open in EndNote
  3. In EndNote go to File and choose Save As 
  4. Remove the word Copy and click Save
  5. Close the style file by clicking on the small black cross or click on File and then Close Style

In EndNote use the style drop down menu to locate your downloaded style. If it does not appear, click Select Another Style... and select from the Choose a Style dialogue box.

MAC users: Click on your required style and locate it in your "Downloads". Then drag it into your Styles folder at HD: Applications: EndNoteX8: Styles.

For a style that is not included in the EndNote program see:

The table below contains different referencing styles and how to use them.

Curtin styles

Reference types for use with EndNote


         For details on what to add in the relevant fields for the
         different reference types open the appropriate pdf above.


AGLC Other styles



Note: If you are using footnote styles, your word processor controls the numbering and placement of the footnote and EndNote controls the formatting. So you will first need to insert the footnote using your word processor, then insert the EndNote citation into that footnote.

Terms list for journal title abbreviations

If your referencing style requires journal titles to be abbreviated e.g. Vancouver style, you will need to use terms lists. 

To import the Medical Journal List into your EndNote library:

  1. From Tools > Open Term Lists > Journals Term List select the Lists tab
  2. Highlight Journals and click Import List... navigate to the Medical.txt.
    PC Users:C:\Program Files\EndNote X8\Terms Lists.Highlight, Open, OK and Close
    Mac users: Applications\EndNote X8\Terms. Choose, OK and Close
  3. In EndNote, go to Edit > Output Styles > "Edit Vancouver Curtin X8"
  4. Click on Journal Names, select the Abbreviation 2 button and tick Abbreviate journal articles only.
  5. Close the window and save the changes.

It is recommended you add the medical terms list into a new library so that the abbreviations will work OR highlight and delete the existing terms. Then click on Lists and highlight Journals and import the list etc.

For information see the following video:

Editing styles

It may be necessary to edit a style where an EndNote style is unavailable e.g when submitting a journal article for publication. It is recommended that you edit an existing style that closely resembles the required.

To edit your chosen style in EndNote, go to the Edit menu, choose Output Styles and "Edit APA 6th" (or whichever style you want to edit).

Look at the menu on the left hand side of the screen. The Citations menu shows the options for the presentation of your in-text citations and the Bibliography menu shows the options for your bibliography references.

Select Citations/Templates to see the template for in-text citations. Selecting Bibliography/Templates will show you the bibliography templates for different reference types. Note that fields such as author, year, title etc. are shown together with the punctuation and other text that forms a reference in a bibliography. To include Field Substitutions, select Bibliography/Field Substitutions and tick the appropriate boxes. For example, the URL field can be inserted for records without a DOI.

For information on title capitalization see the following video:

Adding fields to styles

If you want to add an extra field to your reference type, open the Edit menu (Mac users:  EndNote X8 menu) and choose Preferences. Click on Reference Types, then Modify Reference Types. From the drop-down menu choose the reference type. The right column can be altered. Choose a blank Custom field and enter the name of your new field. Click OK and OK again. (Mac users: Click on Save and then on the red x).

If you want the information in this new field to appear in your chosen referencing style, then you must edit your style.

Adding special characters to styles

There are special characters which allow EndNote to control how the records appear in the bibliography. All of these characters can be added using the Insert Field menu at the right hand side. Before selecting a special character from this menu ensure you place your cursor in the template where you want it to appear.

1. Singular/Plural ^ caret symbol - used if there is different text for singular and plural forms e.g. (Ed.),^(Eds.) 

2. Link adjacent text ◊- this is a non-breaking space and is shown as a small grey diamond in the template - this is used to link adjacent text to a field, so that this text does not appear if the field is empty. For example if there is no issue, you do not want the text "no." appearing on your record.

3. Forced separation | pipe symbol - used to separate punctuation from adjacent fields. For example you may want a full stop at the end no matter what fields are empty.

4. Field names as literal text ` back apostrophe symbol (on your keyboard) - this is used if you want to use text in your record which has already been used as a field name. For example, if you wanted to use the word "year" as well as the field year without using the back apostrophe's you would get 2001 2001,  but if you insert `year`, your record will appear as Year 2001.