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Allied Health Honours Research Design: Systematic reviews

What is a systematic review?

  Questions by Russ Allison Loar

A Systematic Review is a review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and reproducible methods to identify, select and critically appraise all relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. A systematic review can be either quantitative or qualitative.

A quantitative systematic review will include studies that have numerical data.

A qualitative systematic review derives data from observation, interviews, or verbal interactions and focuses on the meanings and interpretations of the participants. It will include focus groups, interviews, observations and diaries.

Systematic review or a literature review?

This table outlines the differences between a systematic review and a literature review:

Adapted from: University of Newcastle Australia Library