Google takes snapshots of pages as it crawls the Internet to index websites. These versions are stored and can be accessed via the Cached link.
Looking at the cached version of a page, instead of the current page, can be useful in these situations:
The cached links are visible within the instant previews by hovering over the >> symbol on the right hand side of each result.
As an example, look at Curtin University's cached page.
Examples: "climate change" , "mass media"
Use quote marks to search for a phrase (a set of words in a specific order). This helps you find relevant information in the appropriate context.
Tip: very useful when searching for a line from literary works or song lyrics, e.g. "to be or not to be"
Example: seabed OR seafloor
To search for pages containing either word add OR (capitalised as otherwise it is ignored).
Tip: if you do not use OR, your results will generally show pages containing both terms.
Examples: population site:gov , research development site:edu
Include the word site to search for information within a specific top-level domain such as .org, .gov etc.
Top: you can also search for information within a single website, e.g. mining boom site:theaustralian.com.au .
Examples: nutrition -recipes , wildcats -basketball
To exclude a word from your results list, add a dash (-) in front of the word you wish to exclude.
Tip: this also works based on other search methods, e.g. to exclude a site from a particular search: skin cancer -site:wikipedia.org
Examples: if searching for an image, video, map, book etc.
Conduct targeted searches by using the categories provided, e.g. news, photos, images, maps, rather than the full web search function. You will find these options above the Google search box or in the drop-down menu under More.
Tip: you can also narrow down your results to these categories after you have done a search. The Search Tools function in the results list also allows you to narrow down by date.
Examples: dental hygiene filetype:ppt , architecture portfolio filetype:pdf
To search for a specific type of file, add the word filetype to your search followed by the three letter file abbreviation such as pdf, ppt or xls.
Tip: You can also search for animated files, e.g. tsunami filetype:swf
Searching for a person, place or thing may bring up a section on the right hand side of your results page that looks like a summary, or Google's Knowledge Graph.
It provides descriptions, images and location maps of the information you searched. This section is useful to find quick information about a topic and may also lead to exploring related topics.
This is what appears on a search for [ Anne Boleyn ]:
Google ignores most punctuation and special characters, but some symbols you can use are:
& Ampersand to find strongly connected ideas or phrases, e.g. research&development
- Dash to indicate that the words around it are very strongly connected, e.g. child-rearing
% Percent to search for percent values, e.g. 40% of 80
$ Dollar sign to indicate prices, e.g. canon $500