Questions by Russ Allison Loar
A Systematic Review is a review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and reproducible methods to identify, select and critically appraise all relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. A systematic review can be either quantitative or qualitative.
A quantitative systematic review will include studies that have numerical data.
A qualitative systematic review derives data from observation, interviews, or verbal interactions and focuses on the meanings and interpretations of the participants. It will include focus groups, interviews, observations and diaries.
Young adults with intellectual disability transitioning from school to post-school: A literature review framed within the ICF.
Self-management education programs for age-related macular degeneration: A systematic review
Systematic review protocol
The recurrence of child maltreatment: Predictive validity of risk assessment instruments. The Campbell Library.
Social Factors and recovery from mental health difficulties: A review of the evidence.
|Systematic Review||Scoping Review|
|Focused research question with narrow parameters||Research question(s) often broad|
|Inclusion/exclusion usually defined at outset||Inclusion/exclusion can be developed post hoc|
|Quality filters often applied||Quality not an initial priority|
|Detailed data extraction||May or may not involve data extraction|
|Quantitative synthesis often performed||Synthesis more qualitative and typically not quantitative|
|Formally assesses the quality of studies and generates a conclusion relating to the focused research question||Used to identify parameters and gaps in a body of literature|
Adapted from: Armstrong, R., Hall, B.J., Doyle, J., & Waters, E. (2011). 'Scoping the scope' of a Cochrane review. Journal of Public Health, 33(1), 147-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdr015.