• Datasets - groupings of data collected and arranged in a set manner.
When a dataset has been created by another researcher or group, it is classed as secondary data.
There are benefits and drawbacks with using secondary data.
The benefits of locating and using good secondary data include:
However, in using the data of others you can expose yourself to the following risks:
Over the last two decades there has been a growing movement seeking to increase the availability of data (particularly government-funded data) and to decrease the restrictions on what people can do with that data. This Open Data movement expects benefits such as improved science and economic activity, boost transparency of public action, increased citizen participation, and develop greater faith in institutions both academic and political.
The Australian Government has adopted the principles of Open Data and in 2015 committed to the open provision of government data in the Australian Government Public Data Policy Statement. The primary provision channel for much of this data is through data.gov.au.
Other nations have also committed to similar ideals through a variety of multinational agreements such as the Open Government Partnership.